Mycorrhiza

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 55–61

Effect of an AM fungal consortium and Pseudomonas on the growth and nutrient uptake of Eucalyptus hybrid

  • M. S. R. Sastry
  • A. K. Sharma
  • B. N. Johri
ORIGINAL PAPER

DOI: 10.1007/s005720000057

Cite this article as:
Sastry, M., Sharma, A. & Johri, B. Mycorrhiza (2000) 10: 55. doi:10.1007/s005720000057

Abstract

Eucalyptus is an important tree species used for afforestation of large tracts of marginal and wastelands. Eucalyptus-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) interactions in seedling establishment and growth promotion have been inadequately dealt with. Efforts were made to assess the role of AMF-pseudomonad (PRS9, plant growth promotory fluorescent Pseudomonas) interactions in growth promotion and nursery establishment of E. hybrid. Seedlings were subjected to six different treatments: (i) uninoculated control, (ii) 400 AM spores, (iii) 800 AMF spores, (iv) PRS9 (v) 400 AMF spores + PRS9, (vi) 800 AMF spores + PRS9, with the different P regimes of 10, 20 and 30 ppm. Root length, shoot length, root and shoot fresh and dry weights were maximal at 400 AMF spores and 20 ppm soil P. Shoot P content was maximal at 800 AMF spores followed by 400 AMF spores and 400 AMF spores + PRS9. In general, plant growth was greater at 20 ppm P. Root P content increased significantly with 400 AMF spores followed by 800 at 20 ppm P. Independent of soil P levels, the quality index of mycorrhizal treatments without PRS9 was significantly higher than the treatments including PRS9 or PRS9 alone. Mycorrhizal inoculation efficiency was superior at 10 ppm P irrespective of the treatment. AM alone (400 spores) significantly improved the inoculation efficiency. PRS9 in association with AM fungi inhibited growth promotion and nutrient uptake

Key words Eucalyptus PRS9 Fluorescent pseudomonad AM fungi Interaction 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. S. R. Sastry
    • 1
  • A. K. Sharma
    • 2
  • B. N. Johri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, CBSH, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263145, India e-mail: bnj_bbm@gbpuat.ernet.inIN
  2. 2.Directorate of Extension, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263145, IndiaIN

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