Mycorrhiza

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 217–222

Dual mycorrhizal colonization of forest-dominating tropical trees and the mycorrhizal status of non-dominant tree and liana species

  • K. L. McGuire
  • T. W. Henkel
  • I. Granzow de la Cerda
  • G. Villa
  • F. Edmund
  • C. Andrew
Short Note

DOI: 10.1007/s00572-008-0170-9

Cite this article as:
McGuire, K.L., Henkel, T.W., Granzow de la Cerda, I. et al. Mycorrhiza (2008) 18: 217. doi:10.1007/s00572-008-0170-9

Abstract

The contribution of mycorrhizal associations to maintaining tree diversity patterns in tropical rain forests is poorly known. Many tropical monodominant trees form ectomycorrhizal (EM) associations, and there is evidence that the EM mutualism contributes to the maintenance of monodominance. It is assumed that most other tropical tree species form arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) associations, and while many mycorrhizal surveys have been done, the mycorrhizal status of numerous tropical tree taxa remains undocumented. In this study, we tested the assumption that most tropical trees form AM associations by sampling root vouchers from tree and liana species in monodominant Dicymbe corymbosa forest and an adjacent mixed rain forest in Guyana. Roots were assessed for the presence/absence of AM and EM structures. Of the 142 species of trees and lianas surveyed, three tree species (the monodominant D. corymbosa, the grove-forming D. altsonii, and the non-dominant Aldina insignis) were EM, 137 were exclusively AM, and two were non-mycorrhizal. Both EM and AM structures were observed in D. corymbosa and D. altsonii. These results provide empirical data supporting the assumption that most tropical trees form AM associations for this region in the Guiana Shield and provide the first report of dual EM/AM colonization in Dicymbe species. Dual colonization of the Dicymbe species should be further explored to determine if this ability contributes to the establishment and maintenance of site dominance.

Keywords

Ectomycorrhizae Arbuscular mycorrhizae Dual colonization Dicymbe Monodominance 

Supplementary material

572_2008_170_MOESM1_ESM.doc (26 kb)
Supplementary documents (DOC 26 KB).

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. L. McGuire
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. W. Henkel
    • 3
  • I. Granzow de la Cerda
    • 1
  • G. Villa
    • 4
  • F. Edmund
    • 5
  • C. Andrew
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyThe University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesHumboldt State UniversityArcataUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biological SciencePontificia Universidad CatólicaQuitoEcuador
  5. 5.Patamona Amerindian TribeWaipa VillageGuyana
  6. 6.Patamona Amerindian TribeKaibarupai VillageGuyana

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