Original Paper


, Volume 15, Issue 8, pp 580-588

First online:

Presence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in South Florida native plants

  • Jack B. FisherAffiliated withFairchild Tropical Botanic GardenDepartment of Biological Sciences, Florida International University Email author 
  • , K. JayachandranAffiliated withDepartment of Environmental Studies, Southeast Environmental Research Center, Florida International UniversityThe Honors College, Florida International University

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The roots of 27 species of South Florida plants in 15 families (including one cycad, six palms, one Smilax, and 19 dicotyledons) native to pine rockland and tropical hardwood hammock communities were examined for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). These plants grow in the biologically diverse but endangered Greater Everglades habitat. Roots from field-grown and potted plants were cleared and stained. All 27 species had AMF and include 14 species having an endangered or threatened status. The Paris-type colonization occurred in two species in the families Annonaceae and Smilacaceae. The Arum-type occurred in 22 species in the families Anacardiaceae, Arecaceae (Palmae), Boraginaceae, Cactaceae (questionable), Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Lauraceae, Melastomataceae, Polygalaceae, Rubiaceae, Simaroubaceae, Ulmaceae, and Zamiaceae. Three species in the families Fabaceae, Lauraceae, and Simaroubaceae had a mix of Paris- and Arum-types. The results have implications for the restoration of these endangered plant communities in the Everglades.


Arbuscular mycorrhizae Arum-type Cycad Endangered plants Everglades restoration Palms Paris-type