, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 11-16

SU-8 as resist material for deep X-ray lithography

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 A new negative tone resist for deep X-ray lithography is presented. This resist is a nine parts to one mixture of the EPON SU-8 resin with 2,2-bis-(3,5-dichloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)propane (Tetrachlorobisphenol A, TCBA), the latter acting as the photoinitiator.

The resist was irradiated at the synchrotron source of DCI at LURE. It was dried for 7 to 20 days beforehand over silica gel while under a light vacuum (20 mbar). Best results for a 150 μm high resist were obtained with a X-ray bottom dose of 3 kJ cm−3 and a post exposure bake at 33 °C.

Differential Scanning Calorimetry measurements (DSC) determined the glass transition temperature of the resist. The glass transition for the undried, loose resist was 34.7 °C, and it was 28.7 °C when the resist was pressed on a silicon substrate. For a sample of the dried resist, the glass transition was 33.4 °C for the loose resist and 29.8 °C when it was pressed on a Silicon substrate.

CD measurements were made on top surface of a set of 100 μm long columns structures, which were produced in 150 μm of this resist. These structures have a constant 100 μm pitch, and the structures themselves varied in width from 20 to 17 μm. For these structures, the CD was calculated to be 0.15 ± 0.03 μm.

Received: 8 February 2000/Accepted: 3 March 2000