Microsystem Technologies

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 1005–1015

MEMS tri-axial force sensor with an integrated mechanical stopper for guidewire applications

Authors

    • Institute of Microelectronics, A-STAR
    • Department of Mechanical and Automotive EngineeringSeoul National University of Science and Technology
  • Rama Krishna Kotlanka
    • Institute of Microelectronics, A-STAR
    • Engineering Product DevelopmentSingapore University of Technology and Design
  • Liang Lou
    • Institute of Microelectronics, A-STAR
    • Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringNational University of Singapore
  • Muhammad Hamidullah
    • Institute of Microelectronics, A-STAR
  • Chengkuo Lee
    • Institute of Microelectronics, A-STAR
    • Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringNational University of Singapore
Technical Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00542-012-1691-x

Cite this article as:
Park, W., Kotlanka, R.K., Lou, L. et al. Microsyst Technol (2013) 19: 1005. doi:10.1007/s00542-012-1691-x

Abstract

This paper describes the design and characterization of a micro-electro-mechanical systems tri-axial force sensor that can be mounted on the tip of an 1-French guidewire (0.014″). Piezoresistive silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are embedded into four beams forming a cross-shape to allow the detection of forces in three axes. The electrical resistance changes in the four SiNWs are used to decode arbitrary force applied onto the force sensor. Finite element analysis was used in the structural design of the force sensor. Robustness of the force sensor is improved due to the novel design of incorporating a mechanical stopper on the tip of the stylus. Flip chip bonding, using gold stud bumps, is used to mount the force sensor on a substrate for characterization and to simplify the assembly process. The sensor is robust enough to withstand normal forces higher than 20 gf. The proposed sensor can be used for new medical applications in vascular interventions and robotic surgeries.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012