, Volume 15, Issue 12, pp 1879-1884
Date: 16 Sep 2009

A nano-metrology system with a two-dimensional combined optical and X-ray interferometer and an atomic force microscope

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Abstract

A two-dimensional nano-scale measuring system utilizing a two-dimensional combined optical and X-ray interferometer (2D COXI) was developed for the standardization of measurement in the nanometer region. The system consists of a 2D COXI and an atomic force microscope (AFM). The designed, two-dimensional, flexure-stage scans and the cantilever tip probes the nano-structure of the specimen. The calibrated optical interferometers in the 2D COXI were used to measure two-dimensional nano-scale lengths. The accuracy of the optical interferometers was enhanced to enable sub-nanometer measurements. To demonstrate the nano-scale measuring system, we used it to measure the nano-scale pitches of gratings.