, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 123-127

Prevention of Postanesthetic Shivering with Intravenous Administration of Aspirin

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Abstract

There have been many reports of postanesthetic shivering (PAS); however, the causes have not been defined clearly, and the reported methods of inhibiting PAS are not always available clinically. In the present study, we assessed the effect of the intravenous administration of aspirin on the prevention of PAS in 62 patients undergoing oral or maxillofacial surgery, anesthetized with entlurane-nitrous oxide. Thirty of the patients were randomly selected, and received intravenous aspirin DL-lysine 900 mg (equivalent to aspirin 495 mg) before the end of surgery. No significant differences were noted in the rectal temperatures between the group given aspirin and the control group. Shivering was observed in 17 of the 32 patients of control group. In contrast, shivering was observed in 5 of the 30 patients who received aspirin. This was a statistically significant difference (P< 0.01). These data indicate that intravenous administration of aspirin significantly inhibited PAS. The finding suggests that PAS is related to prostaglandin synthesis or to the formation of derivatives of arachidonic acid, since aspirin inhibits both the synthesis of prostaglandins and the formation of derivatives of arachidonic acid.