Review Article

Journal of Anesthesia

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 748-756

Anesthetic considerations in diabetic patients. Part II: intraoperative and postoperative management of patients with diabetes mellitus

  • Yuji KadoiAffiliated withDepartment of Anesthesiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University Hospital Email author 

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Abstract

Some studies have reported that tight glycemic control in diabetic patients undergoing major surgery improves perioperative morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, however, large randomized studies have shown such control increases the mortality rate, since aggressive glycemic control induces more frequent incidences of hypoglycemia. Diabetic patients have cerebral complications during the perioperative period more often than their nondiabetic counterparts. Further, anesthetic agents have some effects on cerebral circulation and cerebrovascular carbon dioxide reactivity. Hence, anesthesiologists should have adequate knowledge about anesthetic agents that maintain the integrity of the cerebral circulation. Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have an increased susceptibility to perioperative infections. Recent work confirmed that a combination of intravenous and subcutaneous insulin as a glucose management strategy had beneficial effects identical with intravenous insulin therapy alone on the reduction of infection rates during the postoperative period.

Keywords

Diabetes mellitus Tight glycemic control Perioperative management