, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 361-366
Date: 15 Nov 2008

Landiolol has a less potent negative inotropic effect than esmolol in isolated rabbit hearts

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Abstract

Purpose

We compared the negative chronotropic and inotropic effects of landiolol and esmolol, two clinically available short-acting β1-blockers with high β1-selectivity, using whole isolated rabbit heart preparations.

Methods

Tachycardia was induced by continuous perfusion of 10−7 M isoproterenol, and we used concentrations of landiolol or esmolol in ascending steps (1 · 10−6, 3 · 10−6, 1 · 10−5, 3 · 10−5, and 1 · 10−4 M). Heart rate (HR), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), the maximal rates of left ventricular force development (LVdP/dtmax), and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) were measured and compared.

Results

Both landiolol and esmolol produced dosedependent decreases in HR, LVDP, LVdP/dtmax, and MVO2. The HR lowering effects of the two agents were comparable. At concentrations of 3 · 10−5 and 1 · 10−4 M, esmolol produced more profound depression of LVDP (47 ± 26 and 12 ± 11 mmHg, respectively; mean ± SD) and reduction of LVdP/dtmax (650 ± 287 and 120 ± 103 mmHg·s−1) than landiolol (68 ± 20 and 64 ± 20 mmHg, and 897 ± 236 and 852 ± 240 mmHg·s−1, respectively). At the same concentrations, esmolol caused more profound reduction in MVO2 (40 ± 11 and 35 ± 10 μl·min−1 · g−1) than landiolol (50 ± 8 and 48 ± 8 μl·min−1 · g−1), respectively.

Conclusion

Our results indicate that in the isolated rabbit heart, landiolol and esmolol had equipotent negative chronotropic effects, however, landiolol had a less potent negative inotropic effect than esmolol.