Development of a scoring system for differentiating IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis from primary sclerosing cholangitis
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- Moon, SH., Kim, MH., Lee, J.K. et al. J Gastroenterol (2017) 52: 483. doi:10.1007/s00535-016-1246-5
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Recent research has shown that a substantial number of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) can also have elevated serum/tissue IgG4. The aim of our study was to develop a simple scoring system for the discrimination of IgG4-related sclerosing cholangits (IgG4-SC) from PSC.
Patients with IgG4-SC (n = 39) and PSC (n = 76) who had intrahepatic/hilar strictures were included. Candidate-differentiating variables included patient age, other organ involvement (OOI), inflammatory bowel disease, serum IgG4, and cholangiographic features. A scoring system was developed on the basis of these variables, and its performance was internally validated using a bootstrapping-based method.
The scoring system in the final model included age (<30 years, 0 points; 30–39 years, 1 point; 40–49 years, 2 points; 50–59 years, 3 points; ≥60 years, 4 points), OOI (no, 0 points; yes, 3 points), and beaded appearance (yes, 0 points; no, 2 points). The patients were classified according to their total score into three categories: 0–4 points, probable PSC; 5–6 points, indicating diagnostic steroid trial; 7–9 points, probable IgG4-SC. The discrimination between IgG4-SC and PSC using the scoring system was excellent (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.986).
A reliable differentiation of IgG4-SC from PSC can be made using the scoring system presented here. We suggest the diagnosis of IgG4-SC at a cutoff of 7 points or higher and the indication of diagnostic steroid trial at 5 or 6 points. External validation of our scoring system is warranted.