Journal of Gastroenterology

, Volume 42, Issue 11, pp 857–865

Hepatitis C as a systemic disease: virus and host immunologic responses underlie hepatic and extrahepatic manifestations

  • Chiaki Okuse
  • Hiroshi Yotsuyanagi
  • Kazuhiko Koike
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00535-007-2097-x

Cite this article as:
Okuse, C., Yotsuyanagi, H. & Koike, K. J Gastroenterol (2007) 42: 857. doi:10.1007/s00535-007-2097-x

Key words

extrahepatic legionHCVimmunoglobulin

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiaki Okuse
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Yotsuyanagi
    • 2
  • Kazuhiko Koike
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and HepatologySt. Marianna UniversityKawasakiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan