The future of coral reefs in an age of global change
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- Kleypas, J.A., Buddemeier, R.W. & Gattuso, J. Int J Earth Sci (2001) 90: 426. doi:10.1007/s005310000125
Coral reefs are the only ecosystem that is strongly defined by a geological component – most definitions require that the biological community produces its own build-up of calcium carbonate. In terms of "reef-building," the geological record reveals that coral reefs have flourished over the past few million years, particularly during interglacial periods. Based on our observations of modern-day reefs, which are limited to the past few centuries, we tend to link "coral reef health" to carbonate production; however, reef ecosystems face future global-scale environmental changes that may decrease their reef-building capacity. In contrast to past discussions of the factors which determine reef-building potential by a coral reef community, the essential question that arises from this review is: How important is reef building to a coral reef community?