, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 358-364
Date: 08 Feb 2014

Controversies in new antibiotic therapy for ambulatory patients

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 The care of the febrile neutropenic patient has undergone a shift in the last 10 years with the realization that neutropenic patients presenting with fever do not constitute a homogeneous group. Strategies of risk assessment have allowed the testing of novel therapies including oupatient treatment with oral and intravenous antibiotics, either in combination regimens or as monotherapy; the addition of growth factors to hasten the return of the absolute neutrophil count; and the possibility of self-initiation of antibiotics by cancer patients when they develop fever. The clinical trials data regarding these new approaches will be reviewed, and areas requiring further research will be discussed.