Feasibility of stopping paclitaxel premedication after two doses in patients not experiencing a previous infusion hypersensitivity reaction
Paclitaxel-based chemotherapy continues to be an integral component in the treatment of many solid tumors. Prolonged use of paclitaxel may result in repeated doses of premedications and potential unwanted side effects. Infusion hypersensitivity reactions occurring beyond the second dose are infrequent and not well characterized. We hypothesized that patients whose paclitaxel premedications were discontinued after two doses were unlikely to experience infusion hypersensitivity reactions with subsequent paclitaxel doses.
Patients receiving paclitaxel-based chemotherapy who did not experience an infusion hypersensitivity reaction with their first or second dose had their paclitaxel premedications discontinued. The primary endpoint was to estimate the incidence of rescue medication for the treatment of paclitaxel infusion hypersensitivity during doses 3 to 6 for patients whose paclitaxel premedications had been discontinued.
After receiving the first two doses of paclitaxel-based chemotherapy without experiencing an infusion hypersensitivity reaction (any grade), 55 breast cancer patients had their premedications discontinued for all remaining paclitaxel doses. None of these patients required rescue medication to treat an infusion hypersensitivity reaction with subsequent doses.
In patients who have not experienced an infusion hypersensitivity reaction with the first two doses of paclitaxel, discontinuation of paclitaxel premedications may be considered an option without an increased risk of infusion hypersensitivity requiring rescue medication.
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- Feasibility of stopping paclitaxel premedication after two doses in patients not experiencing a previous infusion hypersensitivity reaction
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Supportive Care in Cancer
Volume 20, Issue 9 , pp 1991-1997
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- 1. Pharmacy Department, The James Comprehensive Breast Center, The Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute at The Ohio State University, 1145 Olentangy River Rd, Columbus, OH, 43212, USA
- 2. Medical Oncology Department, The James Comprehensive Breast Center, The Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital at the Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, USA
- 3. Nursing Excellence, The James Comprehensive Breast Center, The Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital at the Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, USA
- 4. The Ohio State University Center for Biostatistics, Columbus, USA