Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 359–366

Attitudes toward assisted death amongst Portuguese oncologists

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00520-009-0661-z

Cite this article as:
Gonçalves, F. Support Care Cancer (2010) 18: 359. doi:10.1007/s00520-009-0661-z

Abstract

Background

The attitudes and practise of doctors concerning euthanasia and assisted suicide have been the subject of studies performed in many countries. However, these issues have not been studied properly in Portugal.

Materials and method

This study is a survey of 450 Portuguese oncologists by postal means and personal contact.

Results

The response rate was 33% (143). Only 13% would practise euthanasia with the present law in force forbidding such practise, and 24% would do so if it were legalised; 39% favoured its legalisation and 36% would like to have the option of euthanasia if they had a terminal disease. About assisted suicide, 15% would do it with the current law in force forbidding such action and 25% would do so if it were made legal; 32% favoured its legalisation and 24% would like to have that option if they had a terminal disease. There was one case of euthanasia and no cases of assisted suicide. The most important factor related with the acceptance of euthanasia and assisted suicide was religion, with non-practising Catholics accepting such practises more often than practising Catholics. The Portuguese oncologists have a very positive view on the potential role of palliative care in preventing many requests for euthanasia and assisted suicide.

Conclusion

Portuguese oncologists are mainly against the practise of euthanasia and assisted suicide and the number of requests is also relatively low; consequently, the number of episodes of assisted death is also apparently very low.

Keywords

Assisted deathEuthanasiaAssisted suicideEnd-of-life decisionsPalliative care

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Português de OncologiaUCP-RPortoPortugal