Patients’ needs assessment in cancer care: a review of assessment tools
- Alison RichardsonAffiliated withFlorence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King’s College London Email author
- , Jibby MedinaAffiliated withFlorence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King’s College London
- , Vivienne BrownAffiliated withWorthing and Southlands Hospitals NHS Trust
- , John SitziaAffiliated withWorthing and Southlands Hospitals NHS Trust
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The assessment of patients’ needs for care is a critical step in achieving patient-centred cancer care. Tools can be used to assess needs and inform care planning. This review discusses the importance of systematic assessment of needs in routine care and the contribution tools can make to this process.
A rapid appraisal was undertaken to identify currently available tools for patient assessment in cancer care through searches conducted with Medline and CINHAL databases. It focused on tools for the systematic assessment of individual patients’ needs for help, care or support, to be used for clinical purposes—not for research or other purposes. Tools that focused on a single domain of care such as psychosocial needs were excluded, as were studies of patient satisfaction. A wide list of search terms was used, with references stored and managed using bibliographic software.
In all, 1,803 papers were identified from the initial search, with 91 papers found to be relevant; although 36 tools were identified, only 15 tools were found to fit our criteria. These were appraised for their validity, reliability, responsiveness to change and feasibility, including acceptability to patients. The process of their development and psychometric properties were reasonably well documented, but data on how feasible they were to use in practice was scarce. Each tool met some but not all the widely accepted criteria for validity, reliability, responsiveness and burden. None were found to be complete for all dimensions of needs assessment. Most have not been sufficiently well tested for use in routine care.
There is a need to continue to develop and test tools that have the attributes necessary for effective practice and to research their effects on the quality of supportive cancer care.
KeywordsSystematic review Care needs assessment Cancer care Patient assessment
- Patients’ needs assessment in cancer care: a review of assessment tools
Supportive Care in Cancer
Volume 15, Issue 10 , pp 1125-1144
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
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- Systematic review
- Care needs assessment
- Cancer care
- Patient assessment
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King’s College London, 5th Floor Waterloo Bridge Wing, Franklin Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London, SE1 9NN, UK
- 2. Worthing and Southlands Hospitals NHS Trust, Lyndhurst Road, Worthing, BN11 2DH, UK