Original Article

International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 202-212

The European Phenology Network

  • Arnold J. H. van VlietAffiliated withEnvironmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8080, 6700 DD, Wageningen, The Netherlands Email author 
  • , Rudolf S. de GrootAffiliated withEnvironmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8080, 6700 DD, Wageningen, The Netherlands
  • , Yvette BellensAffiliated withSME-Milieuadviseurs (GLOBE-The Netherlands), The Netherlands
  • , Peter BraunAffiliated withDepartment of Agricultural Sciences, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Denmark
  • , Robert BrueggerAffiliated withInstitute of Geography, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • , Ekko BrunsAffiliated withGerman Weather Service, Germany
  • , Jan CleversAffiliated withCentre for Geoinformation, Wageningen University, The Netherlands
  • , Christine EstreguilAffiliated withInstitute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Italy
  • , Michael FlechsigAffiliated withDepartment of Data and Computation, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany
    • , François JeanneretAffiliated withInstitute of Geography, University of Berne, Switzerland
    • , Marta MaggiAffiliated withInstitute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Italy
    • , Pim MartensAffiliated withInternational Centre for Integrative Studies, The Netherlands
    • , Bettina MenneAffiliated withEnvironmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8080, 6700 DD, Wageningen, The NetherlandsWorld Health Organisation, Italy
    • , Annette MenzelAffiliated withEnvironmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8080, 6700 DD, Wageningen, The NetherlandsLehrstuhl fuer Bioklimatologie, Technical University Munich, Germany
    • , Tim SparksAffiliated withEnvironmental Systems Analysis Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8080, 6700 DD, Wageningen, The NetherlandsCentre for Ecology and Hydrology Monks Wood, United Kingdom

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Abstract

The analysis of changes in the timing of life cycle-events of organisms (phenology) has been able to contribute significantly to the assessment of potential impacts of climate change on ecology. These phenological responses of species to changes in climate are likely to have significant relevance for socio-economic issues such as agriculture, forestry and human health and have proven able to play a role in raising environmental awareness and education on climate change. This paper presents the European Phenology Network (EPN), which aims to increase the efficiency, added value and use of phenological monitoring and research, and to promote the practical use of phenological data in assessing the impact of global (climate) change and possible adaptation measures. The paper demonstrates that many disciplines have to deal with changes in the timing of life-cycle events in response to climate change and that many different user groups are involved. Furthermore, it shows how EPN addresses issues such as (1) raising public awareness and education, (2) the integration and co-operation of existing observing systems, (3) integration and access to phenological information and (4) communication.

Keywords

Climate change Ecology Agriculture Human health Forestry Communication