International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 1–5

The influence of temperature, relative humidity and rainfall on the occurrence of pollen allergens (Betula, Poaceae, Ambrosia artemisiifolia) in the atmosphere of Bratislava (Slovakia)

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00484-003-0166-2

Cite this article as:
Bartková-Ščevková, J. Int J Biometeorol (2003) 48: 1. doi:10.1007/s00484-003-0166-2

Abstract

The occurrence of pollen grains in the atmosphere markedly relates to meteorological factors. In the study we have evaluated a correlation between the concentration of pollen grains in the atmosphere of Bratislava and temperature, relative humidity and rainfall during the vegetation period of 1995 and 1997. For our analysis we have selected one representative of each phytoallergen group (trees, grasses, weeds). We have chosen the Betula genus of trees, the whole Poaceae family of grasses and ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. to represent weeds. The taxons mentioned represent the most significant allergens in Slovakia. The concentration of pollen grains has been monitored by a Lanzoni volumetric pollen trap. The data obtained, the average daily concentration in 1 m3, have been included in the statistical analysis together with values for the average daily temperature, relative humidity and total rainfall in 24 h. The correlation between the concentration of pollen grains in the atmosphere and selected meteorological variables from daily monitoring has been studied with the help of linear regression and correlation coefficients. We have found the average daily temperature and relative humidity (less than temperature) to be significant factors influencing the occurrence of pollen grains in the atmosphere of Bratislava. The total daily rainfall does not seem to be significant from the statistical point of view.

Keywords

AeropalynologyTemperatureRelative humidityRainfallSlovakia

Copyright information

© ISB 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Prírodovedecká fakulta Univerzity Komenského, Katedra ekosozológie, Mlynská dolina B2, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia