Axenic mycorrhization of wild type and transgenic hybrid aspen expressing T-DNA indoleacetic acid-biosynthetic genes
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- Hampp, R., Ecke, M., Schaeffer, C. et al. Trees (1996) 11: 59. doi:10.1007/s004680050059
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We describe and document the in vitro synthesis of ectomycorrhiza between roots of wild type and transgenic aspen (Populus tremula × P. tremuloides), expressing Agrobacterium tumefaciens T-DNA indoleacetic acid (IAA)-biosynthetic genes, and Amanita muscaria. Plantlets were raised from tissue culture. The root system of approximately 4-week-old plantlets was transferred to Petri dishes and incubated together with fungal mycelia under sterile conditions. Ectomycorrhiza showing both a well developed hyphal mantle and Hartig net were established within 3 to 4 weeks. Formation and morphology of ectomycorrhiza were not affected by the transformation of aspen, expressing the IAA biosynthetic genes in roots. As both hybrid aspen and fungal cells can be genetically engineered, this system offers a new approach to the study of mycorrhizal symbioses.