Dynamics of daily height growth in Scots pine trees at elevated temperature and CO2
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- Kilpeläinen, A., Peltola, H., Rouvinen, I. et al. Trees (2006) 20: 16. doi:10.1007/s00468-005-0008-4
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The aim of this study was to analyse and model the effects of elevated temperature and carbon dioxide concentration on daily height growth of 20-year-old Scots pines (Pinus sylvestris L.). The trees were grown with a low nitrogen supply in closed chambers with a factorial combination of two temperature regimes (ambient and elevated) and two carbon dioxide concentrations (ambient and twice ambient). The temperature elevation corresponded to the predicted increase at the site after a doubling in atmospheric CO2. The height growth of Scots pines was first empirically studied in terms of its onset, cessation and duration, and the allocation of daily height growth within the growing period in 2000 and 2001, and then a model predicting daily height growth as a function of daily temperature and temperature sum was developed. The empirical results showed elevated temperature to be the dominant variable explaining variation in daily height growth. Elevated temperature also hastened both the onset and cessation of height growth, and the temperature sums for both of them were higher in the elevated than in the ambient temperature treatments. The daily variation in height growth could also be explained by the daily mean temperature in the model. Elevated CO2 concentration had no effect on the onset, cessation or duration of height growth. The amount of height growth was not affected by any of the treatments.