Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 1483–1489

Two-photon in vivo imaging of cells


DOI: 10.1007/s00467-011-1818-9

Cite this article as:
Christensen, D.J. & Nedergaard, M. Pediatr Nephrol (2011) 26: 1483. doi:10.1007/s00467-011-1818-9


In vivo imaging of cells gives a glimpse into the world of biology in a natural setting unparalleled by any other venue. Two-photon imaging of fluorescently labeled cells has become the standard to obtain high-resolution, dynamic images of living specimens with great specificity. This review focuses on providing the reader with a short history of, and impetus behind, two-photon imaging, its working mechanics, and emerging technologies related to biological multiphoton imaging.


In vivo Fluorescence imaging Two-photon imaging Laser scanning microscopy 

Copyright information

© IPNA 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Institute of OpticsUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Center for Translational NeuromedicineUniversity of Rochester Medical CenterRochesterUSA

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