, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 705-711
Date: 21 Dec 2010

Fetal environment, epigenetics, and pediatric renal disease

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Abstract

The notion that some adult diseases may have their origins in utero has recently captured scientists’ attention. Some of these effects persist across generations and may involve epigenetic mechanisms. Epigenetic modifications, DNA methylation together with covalent modifications of histones, alter chromatin density and accessibility of DNA to cellular machinery, modulating the transcriptional potential of the underlying DNA sequence. Here, we will discuss the different epigenetic modifications and their potential role in and contribution to renal disease development.