Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 267–274

Ibuprofen in very preterm infants impairs renal function for the first month of life

Authors

    • Maternite Regionale, Neonatal DepartmentNancy-University
    • INSERM, CIC-EC, CHU de Nancy, Nancy-University
    • Department of NeonatologyMaternite Regionale Universitaire
  • Roxane Desandes
    • Maternite Regionale, Neonatal DepartmentNancy-University
  • Farid Boubred
    • Neonatal DepartmentAP-HM, La Conception Hospital
  • Denis Semama
    • Neonatal DepartmentCHU Le Bocage
  • Francis Guillemin
    • INSERM, CIC-EC, CHU de Nancy, Nancy-University
  • Marie-Christine Buchweiller
    • Maternite Regionale, Neonatal DepartmentNancy-University
  • Jeanne Fresson
    • Maternite Regionale, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics DepartmentNancy-University
  • Jean-Michel Hascoet
    • Maternite Regionale, Neonatal DepartmentNancy-University
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00467-009-1349-9

Cite this article as:
Vieux, R., Desandes, R., Boubred, F. et al. Pediatr Nephrol (2010) 25: 267. doi:10.1007/s00467-009-1349-9

Abstract

We carried out a study aiming to determine the renal effect of ibuprofen treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very preterm infants during the first month of life. Infants aged 27−31 weeks gestation were enrolled from October 2004 to August 2006. They were assigned to two different groups according to ibuprofen exposure during care of their PDA status assessed by echocardiography. Infants of both groups were matched based on gestational age, Clinical Risk Index for Babies score, birth weight and inclusion center. Renal function was evaluated at baseline and weekly for 1 month. One hundred and forty-eight infants were enrolled. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was significantly decreased in the ibuprofen group after treatment withdrawal (GFR on day 7, ibuprofen versus no ibuprofen: 12.8 ± 6.2 vs. 18.1 ± 12.1 ml/min/1.73 m2; P < 0.001). Adjusted analysis proved this decrease to be sustained during the first month of life. Tubular function was also impaired during the first month in ibuprofen-treated infants. Ibuprofen administered for PDA is associated with a decreased GFR during the first month of life. Renal function of infants receiving ibuprofen should be carefully monitored and drugs that are eliminated by glomerular filtration handled cautiously during this period.

Keywords

Ibuprofen Renal impairment Very low birth weight Patent ductus arteriosus Neonates

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© IPNA 2009