Pediatric Nephrology

, 21:672

Alterations of blood pressure in type 1 diabetic children and adolescents

  • Sukran Darcan
  • Damla Goksen
  • Sevgi Mir
  • Erkin Serdaroglu
  • Muammer Buyukinan
  • Mahmut Coker
  • Afig Berdeli
  • Timur Köse
  • Alphan Cura
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00467-006-0074-x

Cite this article as:
Darcan, S., Goksen, D., Mir, S. et al. Pediatr Nephrol (2006) 21: 672. doi:10.1007/s00467-006-0074-x

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the association between metabolic control, microalbuminuria, and diabetic nephropathy with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in normotensive individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). ABPM was undertaken in 68 normotensive type 1 diabetic patients with a mean age of 14.4±4.2 years. Microalbuminuria was diagnosed on the basis of a urinary albumin excretion rate grater than 20 μg/min in two of the three 24-h urine collections. Hypertension (HT) frequency was greater in the microalbuminuric patients than normoalbuminuric patients (54 vs 17.54%, p=0.05) with ABPM. Microalbuminuric patients had a higher diastolic pressure burden than normoalbuminuric patients. There were no differences in systolic and diastolic dips between the two groups. Diastolic pressure loads in all periods showed a significant correlation with duration of diabetes, mean HbA1c from the onset of diabetes, and level of microalbuminuria. Nocturnal dipping was reduced in 41.2% of the patients. In the normoalbuminuric group 41.1% and in the microalbuminuric group 63.6% were nondippers. Our data demonstrate higher 24-h and daytime diastolic blood pressure load and loss of nocturnal dip in type 1 diabetic adolescents and children. High diastolic blood pressure burden in diabetic patients could represent a risk for nephropathy.

Keywords

ABPMDiabetesMicroalbuminuriaPediatrics

Copyright information

© IPNA 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sukran Darcan
    • 1
  • Damla Goksen
    • 2
  • Sevgi Mir
    • 2
  • Erkin Serdaroglu
    • 2
  • Muammer Buyukinan
    • 2
  • Mahmut Coker
    • 1
  • Afig Berdeli
    • 2
  • Timur Köse
    • 3
  • Alphan Cura
    • 2
  1. 1.Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and MetabolismIzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric NephrologyIzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Ege University Faculty of Computer EngineeringIzmirTurkey