, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 399-403
Date: 21 Jan 2005

Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism of dialysis patients with calcimimetics as a valuable addition to established therapeutic means

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Currently available options for the treatment of hyperparathyroidism secondary to chronic renal failure do not allow the achievement of target values for plasma calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone in the majority of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5. This is particularly true for CKD patients who have been referred to nephrologists late in the course of their disease and in whom prevention has not been possible. The advent of a new class of therapeutic agents, the calcimimetics, will allow an easier control of already established parathyroid overfunction, as has been demonstrated in several phase II studies and one phase III study with cinacalcet. Future studies will show whether an earlier start of treatment in patients with CKD stage 2, 3, and 4 allows the prevention of secondary hyperparathyroidism. Since all available experience has been gathered in adult patients it is also necessary to test the efficacy and safety of the calcimimetics in children with CKD.

This work was presented in part at the IPNA Seventh Symposium on Growth and Development in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease: The Molecular Basis of Skeletal Growth, 1–3 April 2004, Heidelberg, Germany