Pediatric Nephrology

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 399–403

Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism of dialysis patients with calcimimetics as a valuable addition to established therapeutic means

Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00467-004-1745-0

Cite this article as:
Drüeke, T.B. Pediatr Nephrol (2005) 20: 399. doi:10.1007/s00467-004-1745-0

Abstract

Currently available options for the treatment of hyperparathyroidism secondary to chronic renal failure do not allow the achievement of target values for plasma calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone in the majority of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5. This is particularly true for CKD patients who have been referred to nephrologists late in the course of their disease and in whom prevention has not been possible. The advent of a new class of therapeutic agents, the calcimimetics, will allow an easier control of already established parathyroid overfunction, as has been demonstrated in several phase II studies and one phase III study with cinacalcet. Future studies will show whether an earlier start of treatment in patients with CKD stage 2, 3, and 4 allows the prevention of secondary hyperparathyroidism. Since all available experience has been gathered in adult patients it is also necessary to test the efficacy and safety of the calcimimetics in children with CKD.

Keywords

Secondary hyperparathyroidismChronic kidney diseaseCalcimimeticsDietary phosphate restrictionCalcium supplementsPhosphate bindersVitamin D derivatives

Copyright information

© IPNA 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inserm Unit 507, Service de NéphrologieHôpital NeckerFrance