Laparoscopic resection of high rectovaginal fistula with intracorporeal colorectal anastomosis and omentoplasty
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- Schwenk, W., Böhm, B., Gründel, K. et al. Surg Endosc (1997) 11: 147. doi:10.1007/s004649900318
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A 46-year-old Caucasian female underwent vaginal hysterectomy for myoma in another hospital and developed a high rectovaginal fistula 6 weeks later. A diverting-loop colostomy of the sigmoid colon was performed 2 months later. The patient was admitted to our service with persistent high rectovaginal fistula 6 months later. We resected the sigmoid colon and two-thirds of the rectum including the fistula tract using laparoscopic techniques. An intracorporeal anastomosis was accomplished using a double-stapling technique. An omental flap was mobilized and placed between the colorectal anastomosis and the vagina. Except for a subcutaneous wound infection at the former colostomy site, the postoperative course was uneventful. The patient was discharged at the 7th postoperative day and remained free of symptoms. We conclude that laparoscopic resection of high rectovaginal fistula with primary intracorporeal anastomosis is feasible and should be considered in selected cases as an alternative ``minimal-invasive'' approach to this disease.