Endoscopists with low adenoma detection rates benefit from high-definition endoscopy
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- Waldmann, E., Britto-Arias, M., Gessl, I. et al. Surg Endosc (2015) 29: 466. doi:10.1007/s00464-014-3688-2
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An endoscopists adenoma detection rate (ADR) of less than 20 % correlates with high risk for occurrence of interval cancer. The impact of high-definition (HD) imaging on the ADR is discussed controversially. We aimed to investigate whether detection rates of individual endoscopists increase within 1 year before and 1 year after the switch from standard to HD endoscopy.
This cohort study analyzed 6,330 screening colonoscopies (2,968 with standard and 3,362 with HD) performed by 42 endoscopists between November 2007 and March 2013 within a nationwide quality assurance program for screening colonoscopy.
The ADR of endoscopists with a low ADR (<20 %) increased significantly higher (from 11.8 to 18.1 %, p = 0.003) than of those with a high ADR (≥20 %) (from 28.6 to 30.7 %, p = 0.439) after switch from standard to HD colonoscopes (p = 0.0076). The proportion of endoscopists with an ADR < 20 % decreased from 45 to 42.9 % (p = 0.593). There was no significant increase in age- and sex-adjusted detection rates of adenomas (20.2 vs 23.7 %; p = 0.089), advanced adenomas (4.7 vs 5.5 %; p = 0.479), flat adenomas (2.7 vs 3.1 %; p = 0.515), polyps (38.8 vs 41.5 %; p = 0.305), proximal polyps (18.5 vs 20 %; p = 0.469) and hyperplastic polyps (15 vs 17.2 %; p = 0.243) of endoscopists after switch to HD colonoscopes. There was no difference in detection rates of flat polyps (5.5 vs 5.5 %; p = 0.987).
The use of HD scopes is associated with marginal improvement in adenoma detection rates limited to those endoscopists with low adenoma detection rates prior to its introduction.