SpyGlass® single-operator peroral cholangioscopy in the evaluation of indeterminate biliary lesions: a single-center, prospective, cohort study
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SpyGlass® single-operator peroral cholangioscopy appears to be a promising technique to overcome some limitations of conventional peroral cholangioscopy. We aimed to prospectively evaluate the SpyGlass system in a cohort of patients with indeterminate biliary lesions.
Patients with indeterminate strictures or filling defects at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were consecutively enrolled. After SpyGlass visual evaluation, targeted biopsies were taken with the SpyBite® and histopathological assessment was made by two experienced gastrointestinal pathologists. SpyBite-targeted biopsy results were evaluated by assessing agreement with surgical specimens and by evaluation of final, clinical follow-up-based diagnosis.
Fifty-two patients participated in the study. In 7 cases, definite diagnosis (stones, varices) was made by SpyGlass endoscopic evaluation. In 42 of the remaining 45 cases, material suitable for histopathology assessment was provided by the SpyBite. Overall, a definite diagnosis was made in 49 (7 + 42; 94 %) cases. Agreement of SpyBite biopsy results with surgical specimen diagnosis was found in 38/42 (90 %) cases; sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were 88, 94, 96, and 85 %, respectively. Procedure-related complications consisted of one case of mild cholangitis and one case of mild pancreatitis.
In our series, the SpyGlass system allowed adequate biopsy sampling and definite diagnosis with high accuracy in the vast majority of patients with indeterminate biliary lesions. Its use was associated with a low complication rate. Further refinements of the technique are warranted, but the SpyGlass system has the potential to become a diagnostic standard for the assessment of indeterminate biliary lesions.
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- SpyGlass® single-operator peroral cholangioscopy in the evaluation of indeterminate biliary lesions: a single-center, prospective, cohort study
Volume 27, Issue 5 , pp 1569-1572
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- Biliary lesions
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- 1. Gastroenterologia ed Endoscopia Digestiva, Nuovo Ospedale S. Agostino, Viale Giardini 1355, 41100, Modena, Italy
- 2. Fisiopatologia Digestiva, Nuovo Ospedale S. Agostino, Modena, Italy
- 4. Anatomia Patologica, Università di Modena—Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
- 3. Chirurgia Generale, Nuovo Ospedale S. Agostino, Modena, Italy
- 5. Gastroenterologia ed Epatologia, Università di Perugia, Perugia, Italy
- 6. Anatomia Patologica II, Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy