Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 23, Issue 9, pp 2073–2077

The role of diagnostic laparoscopy for chronic abdominal conditions: an evidence-based review

  • W. S. Richardson
  • D. Stefanidis
  • L. Chang
  • D. B. Earle
  • R. D. Fanelli

DOI: 10.1007/s00464-009-0467-6

Cite this article as:
Richardson, W.S., Stefanidis, D., Chang, L. et al. Surg Endosc (2009) 23: 2073. doi:10.1007/s00464-009-0467-6



Diagnostic laparoscopy is minimally invasive surgery for the diagnosis of intraabdominal diseases. The aim of this review is a critical examination of the available literature on the role of laparoscopy for chronic intraabdominal conditions.


A systematic literature search of English-language articles on MEDLINE, the Cochrane database of evidence-based reviews, and the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects was performed for the period 1995–2006. The level of evidence in the identified articles was graded. The search identified and reviewed six main categories that have received attention in the literature: pelvic pain and endometriosis, primary and secondary infertility, nonpalpable testis, and liver disease.


The indications, contraindications, risks, benefits, diagnostic accuracy of the procedure, and its associated morbidity are discussed.


The limitations of the available literature are highlighted, and evidence-based recommendations for the use of laparoscopy to stage intraabdominal cancers are provided.


Diagnostic laparoscopy Pelvic pain Endometriosis Infertility Nonpalpable testes Cirrhosis 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. S. Richardson
    • 1
    • 6
  • D. Stefanidis
    • 2
  • L. Chang
    • 3
  • D. B. Earle
    • 4
  • R. D. Fanelli
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryOchsner ClinicNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Department of General SurgeryCarolinas Medical CenterCharlotteUSA
  3. 3.Department of General SurgeryVirginia Mason Medical CenterSeattleUSA
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryBaystate Medical CenterSpringfieldUSA
  5. 5.Department of Surgery, Surgical Specialists of Western New EnglandPC and Berkshire Medical CenterPittsfieldUSA
  6. 6.Laparoscopic SurgeryOchsner Health SystemNew OrleansUSA