Surgical Endoscopy

, Volume 21, Issue 8, pp 1264-1274

First online:

Port closure techniques

  • Z. ShaherAffiliated withDepartment of Surgery, Haddawy Hospital Email author 

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Laparoscopic trocars do create wounds. This article aims to review and list different techniques used for closure of the fascia incision at trocar sites.


A literature search was performed for articles dealing with closure techniques. The author searched this subject in English on Medline by combining the words “trocar” and “hernia,” as well as “Deschamps” and “Reverdin.” All articles reporting techniques with their references were reviewed.


The articles described many techniques in addition to classical closure using curved needles, including Grice needle, Maciol needles, Endoclose device, Carter-Thomason device, Tahoe ligature device, Endo-Judge device, eXit puncture closure device, Lowsley retractor, spinal cord needles, dual hemostat, suture carrier, Riverdin and Deschamps needles, and Gore-Tex closure device.


Three main groups of techniques were found with favor of extracorporeal manipulations under direct visualization. Old methods are sufficient and cost-effective.


Carter Thomason Deschamps Endoclose Endo-Judge eXit Gore-Tex Grice Lowsley Maciol Reverdin Tahoe Trocar hernia