Original article

Surgical Endoscopy And Other Interventional Techniques

, Volume 18, Issue 11, pp 1565-1571

First online:

Results of laparoscopic Heller-Toupet operation for achalasia

  • J. M. PerroneAffiliated withWashington University Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery
  • , M. M. FrisellaAffiliated withWashington University Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery
  • , K. M. DesaiAffiliated withWashington University Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery
  • , N. J. SoperAffiliated withNorthwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine Email author 

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Abstract

Background

Laparoscopic myotomy has become the preferred treatment for achalasia. Controversy persists on the need for fundoplication and/or its type; when used, most series have utilized the Dor fundoplication. We report a large series of laparoscopic Heller-Toupet procedures.

Methods

All patients operated for achalasia were entered into a prospective database. Pre and postoperative esophageal symptoms, satisfaction scores, and SF-36 variables were compared. Surgical failures were defined as recurrent or persistent dysphagia leading to secondary treatment. Data are expressed as mean ± S.D.

Results

One hundred consecutive cases were analyzed (61 men, 39 women, age 47 ± 17 yr). Heller-Toupet was performed in 94, whereas six patients had a Dor fundoplication because of mucosal perforation (three) or technical difficulties performing a posterior wrap (three). Operative time was 148 ± 21 min. There were 13 intraoperative adverse events managed laparoscopically, and no conversions. Minor postoperative complications were noted in two cases, whereas there were no major complications or deaths. Mean hospital stay was 1.2 ± 0.5 days, (range 1–4). Follow-up was complete in 92% at 26 ± 17 months. Failures leading to further treatment occurred in 4%. All symptom scores were significantly improved (p < 0.0001). Solid dysphagia score went from 6.4 to 1.0 postoperatively; regurgitation score went from 4.5 to 0.2 (combined frequency and severity, range 0–8). Postoperative global esophageal symptoms scale revealed improvement in 97%, and all domains of the SF-36 were improved.

Conclusions

Although the best surgical approach to achalasia is yet to be determined, laparoscopic Heller-Toupet operation in experienced hands is a safe and effective procedure with low rates of morbidity and failure and high patient satisfaction.

Keywords

Achalasia Laparoscopy Heller-Toupet operation