Discrete & Computational Geometry

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 28–44

Small Hop-diameter Sparse Spanners for Doubling Metrics

Open AccessArticle

DOI: 10.1007/s00454-008-9115-5

Cite this article as:
Chan, TH.H. & Gupta, A. Discrete Comput Geom (2009) 41: 28. doi:10.1007/s00454-008-9115-5


Given a metric M=(V,d), a graph G=(V,E) is a t-spanner for M if every pair of nodes in V has a “short” path (i.e., of length at most t times their actual distance) between them in the spanner. Furthermore, this spanner has a hop diameter bounded by D if every pair of nodes has such a short path that also uses at most D edges. We consider the problem of constructing sparse (1+ε)-spanners with small hop diameter for metrics of low doubling dimension.

In this paper, we show that given any metric with constant doubling dimension k and any 0<ε<1, one can find (1+ε)-spanner for the metric with nearly linear number of edges (i.e., only O(nlog *n+nεO(k)) edges) and constant hop diameter; we can also obtain a (1+ε)-spanner with linear number of edges (i.e., only nεO(k) edges) that achieves a hop diameter that grows like the functional inverse of Ackermann’s function. Moreover, we prove that such tradeoffs between the number of edges and the hop diameter are asymptotically optimal.


AlgorithmsSparse spannersDoubling metricsHop diameter
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© The Author(s) 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für InformatikSaarbrückenGermany
  2. 2.Computer Science DepartmentCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA