, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 252-283
Date: 19 Jul 2008

On the Planar Piecewise Quadratic 1-Center Problem

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In this paper we introduce a minimax model unifying several classes of single facility planar center location problems. We assume that the transportation costs of the demand points to the serving facility are convex functions {Q i }, i=1,…,n, of the planar distance used. Moreover, these functions, when properly transformed, give rise to piecewise quadratic functions of the coordinates of the facility location. In the continuous case, using results on LP-type models by Clarkson (J. ACM 42:488–499, 1995), Matoušek et al. (Algorithmica 16:498–516, 1996), and the derandomization technique in Chazelle and Matoušek (J. Algorithms 21:579–597, 1996), we claim that the model is solvable deterministically in linear time. We also show that in the separable case, one can get a direct O(nlog n) deterministic algorithm, based on Dyer (Proceedings of the 8th ACM Symposium on Computational Geometry, 1992), to find an optimal solution. In the discrete case, where the location of the center (server) is restricted to some prespecified finite set, we introduce deterministic subquadratic algorithms based on the general parametric approach of Megiddo (J. ACM 30:852–865, 1983), and on properties of upper envelopes of collections of quadratic arcs. We apply our methods to solve and improve the complexity of a number of other location problems in the literature, and solve some new models in linear or subquadratic time complexity.

This work was partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education grant number MTM2007-67433-C02-01,02, P06-FQM-01366, P06-FQM-01364.
The work of the third author was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education grant number SAB2005-0095.