Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

, 33:117

Enhanced antibody production following intermediate addition based on flux analysis in mammalian cell continuous culture

Authors

    • Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka University
  • Keisuke Furuichi
    • Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka University
    • Meiji Dairies Corporation
  • Tomoya Iemura
    • Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka University
    • Kirin Brewery Company
  • Yoshio Katakura
    • Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka University
  • Michimasa Kishimoto
    • Department of Chemistry and Materials TechnologyKyoto Institute of Technology
  • Ken-ichi Suga
    • Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00449-009-0351-8

Cite this article as:
Omasa, T., Furuichi, K., Iemura, T. et al. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng (2010) 33: 117. doi:10.1007/s00449-009-0351-8

Abstract

Generally, mammalian cells utilize glucose and glutamine as primary energy sources. To investigate the effect of energy sources on metabolic fluxes and antibody production, glucose- or glutamine-limited serum-free continuous culture of hybridoma 3A21 cells, which produce anti-ribonuclease A antibody, was carried out. The cell volume and dry cell weight were evaluated under various steady-state conditions. The specific consumption and production rates were evaluated on the basis of dry cell weight. On the basis of these results, the fluxes of the metabolic pathway were calculated. It was found that increasing the specific growth rate causes the specific ATP and antibody production rates to decrease. The fluxes between malate and pyruvate also decreased with the increase in specific growth rate. To increase the ATP production rate under steady-state conditions by the enhancement of fluxes between malate and pyruvate, the reduced metabolic fluxes were increased by an intermediate (pyruvate, malate, and citrate) addition. As a result, higher specific ATP and antibody production rates were achieved following the intermediate addition at a constant dilution rate.

Keywords

Mammalian cellMetabolic engineeringAntibody productionFluxEnergy metabolism

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009