Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 369–377

Modeling simultaneous glucose and xylose uptake in Saccharomyces cerevisiae from kinetics and gene expression of sugar transporters

Authors

    • Department of Chemical EngineeringLund University
  • Jonas Andersson
    • Department of Chemical EngineeringLund University
  • Gunnar Lidén
    • Department of Chemical EngineeringLund University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00449-007-0169-1

Cite this article as:
Bertilsson, M., Andersson, J. & Lidén, G. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng (2008) 31: 369. doi:10.1007/s00449-007-0169-1

Abstract

A kinetic model for glucose and xylose co-substrate uptake in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is presented. The model couples the enzyme kinetics with the glucose-dependent genetic expression of the individual transport proteins. This novel approach implies several options for optimizing the co-substrate utilization. Interestingly, the simulations predict a maximum xylose uptake rate at a glucose concentration >0 g/L, which suggests that the genetic expressions of the considered transport proteins are of importance when optimizing the xylose uptake. This was also evident in fed-batch simulations, where a distinct optimal glucose addition rate >0 g/L·h was found. Strategies for improving the co-substrate utilization by genetic engineering of the transport systems are furthermore suggested based on simulations.

Keywords

Kinetic modelingHexose transportersXylose uptakeSaccharomyces cerevisiae

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007