ORIGINAL PAPER

Bulletin of Volcanology

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 137-144

Victims from volcanic eruptions: a revised database

  • J.-C. TanguyAffiliated withUniversity of Paris 6 and IPGP, 4 avenue de Neptune, F-94107 St. Maur des Fossés Cedex, France e-mail: Tanguy@ipgp.jussieu.fr
  • , C. RibièreAffiliated withUniversity of Paris 6 and IPGP, 4 avenue de Neptune, F-94107 St. Maur des Fossés Cedex, France e-mail: Tanguy@ipgp.jussieu.fr
  • , A. ScarthAffiliated withDepartment of Geography, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
  • , W. S. TjetjepAffiliated withVolcanological Survey of Indonesia, Jalan Diponegoro 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia

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Abstract

 The number of victims from volcanism and the primary cause(s) of death reported in the literature show considerable uncertainty. We present the results of investigations carried out either in contemporary accounts or in specific studies of eruptions that occurred since A.D. 1783. More than 220 000 people died because of volcanic activity during this period, which includes approximately 90% of the recorded deaths throughout history. Most of the fatalities resulted from post-eruption famine and epidemic disease (30.3%), nuées ardentes or pyroclastic flows and surges (26.8%), mudflows or lahars (17.1%), and volcanogenic tsunamis (16.9%). At present, however, international relief efforts might reduce the effects of post-eruption crop failure and disease, and at least some of the lahars could be anticipated in time by adequate scientific and social response. Thus, mitigation of hazards from pyroclastic flows and tsunamis will become of paramount importance to volcanologists and civil authorities.

Key words Natural disasters Volcanic hazards Society and eruptions Volcanic risk