Oecologia

, Volume 168, Issue 4, pp 959–966

Assessing habitat quality of farm-dwelling house sparrows in different agricultural landscapes

Authors

    • Biodiversity Section, Department of BiologyLund University
  • Pernilla Borgström
    • Biodiversity Section, Department of BiologyLund University
  • Henrik G. Smith
    • Biodiversity Section, Department of BiologyLund University
    • Center for Environmental and Climate ResearchLund University
  • Ola Olsson
    • Biodiversity Section, Department of BiologyLund University
Behavioral ecology - Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00442-011-2169-8

Cite this article as:
von Post, M., Borgström, P., Smith, H.G. et al. Oecologia (2012) 168: 959. doi:10.1007/s00442-011-2169-8

Abstract

Having historically been abundant throughout Europe, the house sparrow (Passer domesticus) has in recent decades suffered severe population declines in many urban and rural areas. The decline in rural environments is believed to be caused by agricultural intensification, which has resulted in landscape simplification. We used giving-up densities (GUDs) of house sparrows feeding in artificial food patches placed in farmlands of southern Sweden to determine habitat quality during the breeding season at two different spatial scales: the landscape and the patch scale. At the landscape scale, GUDs were lower on farms in homogeneous landscapes dominated by crop production compared to more heterogeneous landscapes with mixed farming or animal husbandry. At the patch level, feeding patches with a higher predation risk (caused by fitting a wall to the patch to obstruct vigilance) had higher GUDs. In addition, GUDs were positively related to population size, which strongly implies that GUDs reflect habitat quality. However, the increase followed different patterns in homogeneous and heterogeneous landscapes, indicating differing population limiting mechanisms in these two environments. We found no effect of the interaction between patch type and landscape type, suggesting that predation risk was similar in both landscape types. Thus, our study suggests that simplified landscapes constitute a poorer feeding environment for house sparrows during breeding, that the population-regulating mechanisms in the landscapes differ, but that predation risk is the same across the landscape types.

Keywords

Foraging Giving-up density GUD Predation Conservation

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011