Oecologia

, Volume 164, Issue 2, pp 321–330

Hydraulic plasticity and limitations of alpine Rhododendron species

Authors

    • Department of BotanyUniversity of Innsbruck
  • Barbara Beikircher
    • Department of BotanyUniversity of Innsbruck
  • Maria-Anna Obkircher
    • Department of BotanyUniversity of Innsbruck
  • Peter Schmid
    • Department of BotanyUniversity of Innsbruck
Physiological ecology - Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1648-7

Cite this article as:
Mayr, S., Beikircher, B., Obkircher, M. et al. Oecologia (2010) 164: 321. doi:10.1007/s00442-010-1648-7

Abstract

In the European Alps, Rhododendron ferrugineum grows in silicate regions while Rhododendron hirsutum is restricted to limestone areas. At geologically mixed sites, also hybrids (Rhododendron × intermedium) can occur. We hypothesised that hydraulic properties would vary with the species’ habitat requirements. Key hydraulic parameters (vulnerability to drought-induced embolism, stomata regulation) and related wood characteristics as well as diurnal courses of water potential (Ψ) and stomatal conductance were analysed on plants growing on a silicate, a limestone and a geologically mixed site. Highest embolism resistance[Ψ at 50% loss of conductivity (Ψ50), −3.24 ± 0.18 MPa] and the highest safety margin between the Ψ at stomata closure (ΨSC at 10% of maximal leaf conductance) and Ψ50 were observed in R. hirsutum at the limestone site (1.57 MPa). Like in R. ferrugineum, hydraulic parameters indicated less resistance at the geologically mixed site. Highest Ψ50 (−1.95 ± 0.12 MPa), corresponding to wide conduits and a reduced conduit wall reinforcement, was found in R. × intermedium. Diurnal courses indicated a rapid stomata closure in response to low Ψ in R. hirsutum and R. × intermedium. The plasticity in drought adaptation of R. hirsutum corresponds to its ability to colonise dry limestone areas. In contrast, hydraulic limitations of R. × intermedium may explain restrictions to rather moist sites. This study provides insight into the role of xylem hydraulics and stomata regulation in shrub water relations, interspecific and site-specific differences in drought adaptation, as well as effects of hybridisation on plant hydraulics.

Keywords

Drought resistanceHydraulic safetyStomatal conductanceStomata regulationXylem anatomy

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010