Oecologia

, Volume 153, Issue 1, pp 11–18

Effects of nutritional restriction on nitrogen and carbon stable isotopes in growing seabirds

  • Cory T. Williams
  • C. Loren Buck
  • Justine Sears
  • Alexander S. Kitaysky
Ecophysiology

DOI: 10.1007/s00442-007-0717-z

Cite this article as:
Williams, C.T., Buck, C.L., Sears, J. et al. Oecologia (2007) 153: 11. doi:10.1007/s00442-007-0717-z

Abstract

When using stable isotopes as dietary tracers it is essential to consider effects of nutritional state on isotopic fractionation. While starvation is known to induce enrichment of 15N in body tissues, effects of moderate food restriction on isotope signatures have rarely been tested. We conducted two experiments to investigate effects of a 50–55% reduction in food intake on δ15N and δ13C values in blood cells and whole blood of tufted puffin chicks, a species that exhibits a variety of adaptive responses to nutritional deficits. We found that blood from puffin chicks fed ad libitum became enriched in 15N and 13C compared to food-restricted chicks. Our results show that 15N enrichment is not always associated with food deprivation and argue effects of growth on diet–tissue fractionation of nitrogen stable isotopes (Δ15N) need to be considered in stable isotope studies. The decrease in δ13C of whole blood and blood cells in restricted birds is likely due to incorporation of carbon from 13C-depleted lipids into proteins. Effects of nutritional restriction on δ15N and δ13C values were relatively small in both experiments (δ15N: 0.77 and 0.41‰, δ13C: 0.20 and 0.25‰) compared to effects of ecological processes, indicating physiological effects do not preclude the use of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes in studies of seabird ecology. Nevertheless, our results demonstrate that physiological processes affect nitrogen and carbon stable isotopes in growing birds and we caution isotope ecologists to consider these effects to avoid drawing spurious conclusions.

Keywords

Diet–tissue fractionation Physiological condition Isotopic enrichment Nitrogen balance 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cory T. Williams
    • 1
  • C. Loren Buck
    • 2
  • Justine Sears
    • 3
  • Alexander S. Kitaysky
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Fisheries and Ocean SciencesUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Alaska AnchorageAnchorageUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biology and WildlifeUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA
  4. 4.Zoology DepartmentUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA