Oecologia

, Volume 144, Issue 3, pp 382–390

Ecological implications of parasites in natural Daphnia populations

  • Ellen Decaestecker
  • Steven Declerck
  • Luc De Meester
  • Dieter Ebert
Population Ecology

DOI: 10.1007/s00442-005-0083-7

Cite this article as:
Decaestecker, E., Declerck, S., De Meester, L. et al. Oecologia (2005) 144: 382. doi:10.1007/s00442-005-0083-7

Abstract

In natural host populations, parasitism is considered to be omnipresent and to play an important role in shaping host life history and population dynamics. Here, we study parasitism in natural populations of the zooplankton host Daphnia magna investigating their individual and population level effects during a 2-year field study. Our results revealed a rich and highly prevalent community of parasites, with eight endoparasite species (four microsporidia, one amoeba, two bacteria and one nematode) and six epibionts (belonging to five different taxa: Chlorophyta, Bacillariophyceae, Ciliata, Fungi and Rotifera). Several of the endoparasites were associated with a severe overall fecundity reduction of the hosts, while such effects were not seen for epibionts. In particular, infections by Pasteuria ramosa, White Fat Cell Disease and Flabelliforma magnivora were strongly associated with a reduction in overall D. magna fecundity. Across the sampling period, average population fecundity of D. magna was negatively associated with overall infection intensity and total endoparasite richness. Population density of D. magna was negatively correlated to overall endoparasite prevalence and positively correlated with epibiont richness. Finally, the reduction in host fecundity caused by different parasite species was negatively correlated to both parasite prevalence and the length of the time period during which the parasite persisted in the host population. Consistent with epidemiological models, these results indicate that parasite mediated host damages influence the population dynamics of both hosts and parasites.

Keywords

Daphnia magna Epibionts Endoparasites Fecundity reduction Population effects 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ellen Decaestecker
    • 1
  • Steven Declerck
    • 1
  • Luc De Meester
    • 1
  • Dieter Ebert
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Aquatic EcologyCatholic University of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Département de Biologie, Ecologie et EvolutionUniversité de FribourgFribourgSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations