Aerts RH, Berendse F, Klerk NM, Bakker C (1989) Root production and root turnover in two dominant species of wet heathlands. Oecologia 81:374–378Google Scholar
Aerts RH, De Caluwe H, Konings H (1992) Seasonal allocation of biomass and nitrogen in four Carex
species from mesotrophic and eutrophic fens as affected by nitrogen supply. J Ecol 80:653–664Google Scholar
Allen-Diaz BH (1991) Water table and plant species relationships in Sierra Nevada meadows. Am Midl Nat 126:30–43Google Scholar
Auble GT, Scott, ML (1998) Fluvial disturbance patches and cottonwood recruitment along the Upper Missouri River, Montana. Wetlands 18:546–556Google Scholar
Auble GT, Doff DA, Scott ML (1994) Relating riparian vegetation to present and future streamflow. Ecol Appl 4:544–554Google Scholar
Baker MA, Dahm CN, Valett HM (2000) Anoxia, anaerobic metabolism, and biogeochemistry of the stream-water-ground-water interface. In: Jones JB, Mulholland PJ (eds) Streams and ground waters. Academic Press, London, pp 259–283
Bennett SJ, Pirim T, Barkdoll BD (2002) Using simulated emergent vegetation to alter stream flow direction within a straight experimental channel. Geomorphology 44:115–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bernard JM (1990) Life history and vegetative reproduction in Carex
. Can J Bot 68:1441–1448Google Scholar
Bernard JM, Hankinson G (1979) Seasonal changes in standing crop, primary production, and nutrient levels in a Carex rostrata
wetland. Oikos 32:328–336Google Scholar
Bernard JM, Solander D, Kvet J (1988) Production and nutrient dynamics in Carex
wetlands. Aquat Bot 30:127–147Google Scholar
Bohn HL (1971) Redox potentials. Soil Sci 112:39–45Google Scholar
Böhn W (1979) Methods of studying root systems. In: Billings WD, Golley F, Lange OL, Olson JS (eds) Ecological studies, vol 33. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York
Brinson MM, Lugo AE, Brown S (1981) Primary production, decomposition and consumer activity in freshwater wetlands.
Annu Rev Ecol Syst 12:123–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brix H, Sorrell BK (1996) Oxygen stress in wetland plants: comparisons of de-oxygenated and reducing root environments. Funct Ecol 10:521–526Google Scholar
Brookshire ENJ, Dwire KA (2003) Controls on patterns of coarse organic particle retention in headwater streams. J North Am Benthol Soc 22:17–34Google Scholar
Castelli, RM, Chambers JC, Tausch RJ (2000) Soil-plant relations along a soil-water gradient in Great Basin riparian meadows. Wetlands 20:251–266Google Scholar
Clarke SE, Garner MW, McIntosh BA, Sedell JR (1997) Landscape-level ecoregions for seven contiguous watersheds, northeast Oregon and southeast Washington. In: Clarke SE, Bryce SA (eds) Hierarchical subdivisions of the Columbia Plateau and Blue Mountains ecoregions, Oregon and Washington. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-395. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, Oreg., pp 53–113
Cogger CG, Kennedy PE, Carlson D (1992) Seasonally saturated soils in the Puget Lowland. II. Measuring and interpreting redox potentials. Soil Sci 154:50–57Google Scholar
Crowe EA, Clausnitzer RR (1997) Mid-montane wetland plant associations of the Malhuer, Umatilla, and Wallowa-Whitman National Forests. R6-NR-ECOL-TP-22–97. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, Oreg.
Daubenmire R (1959) A canopy-coverage method of vegetation analysis. Northwest Sci 33:43–64Google Scholar
Drew MC (1992) Soil aeration and plant root metabolism. Soil Sci 154:259–268Google Scholar
Dwire KA (2001) Relations among hydrology, soils, and vegetation in riparian meadows: Influence on organic matter distribution and storage. PhD thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oreg.
Dwire KA, Kauffman JB, Baham J (2000) Relations among redox potentials, water levels, and riparian vegetation. In: Wigington PJ, Beschta RL (eds) Riparian ecology and management in multi-land use watersheds. TPS-00–2. American Water Resources Association, Middleburg, Va., pp 23–28
Eissenstat DM, Yanai RD (1997) The ecology of root life span. Adv Ecol Res 27:1–60Google Scholar
Fagerstedt K (1992) Development of aerenchyma in roots and rhizomes of Carex rostrata
(Cyperaceae). Nord J Bot 12:115–120Google Scholar
Faulkner SP, Patrick WH Jr (1992) Redox processes and diagnostic wetland soil indicators in bottomland forests. Soil Sci Soc Am J 56:856–865Google Scholar
Faulkner SP, Patrick WH Jr, Gambrell RP (1989) Field techniques for measuring wetland soil parameters. Soil Sci Soc Am J 53:883–890Google Scholar
Ferns ML (1998) Geology of the Fly Valley Quadrangle, Union County, Oregon. (Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Resources geological map series GMS-113) Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Resources, Oreg.
Ferns ML, Taubeneck WH (1994) Geology and mineral resources map of the Limber Jim Creek quadrangle, Union County, Oregon. (Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Resources geological map series GMS-82) Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Resources, Oreg.
Fiala K (1993) Underground biomass in meadow stands. In: Rychnovská M (ed) Structure and functioning of seminatural meadows. (Developments in Agricultural and Managed-Forest Ecology 27) Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 133–153
Fisk MC, Schmidt SK, Seastedt TR (1998) Topographic patterns of above-and-below-ground production and nitrogen cycling in alpine tundra. Ecology 79:2253–2266Google Scholar
Gambrell RP, DeLaune RD, Patrick WH Jr (1991) Redox processes in soils following oxygen depletion. In: Jackson MB, Davies DD, Lambers H (eds) Plant life under oxygen deprivation: ecology, physiology and biochemistry. Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp 101–117
Garcia LV, Maranon T, Moreno A, Clemente L (1993) Above-ground biomass and species richness in a Mediterranean salt marsh. J Veg Sci 4:417–424Google Scholar
Gough L, Grace JB, Taylor KL (1994) The relationship between species richness and community biomass: the importance of environmental variables. Oikos 70:271–279Google Scholar
Grace JB (1999) The factors controlling species density in herbaceous plant communities: an assessment. Perspect Plant Ecol Evol Syst 2:1–28Google Scholar
Gregory SV, Swanson FJ, McKee WA, Cummins KW (1991) An ecosystem perspective of riparian zones. BioScience 41:540–551Google Scholar
Grime JP (1979) Plant strategies and vegetation processes. Wiley, Chichester
Henry GHR, Svoboda J, Freedman B (1990) Standing crop and net production of sedge meadows of an ungrazed polar desert oasis. Can J Bot 68:2660–2667Google Scholar
Hickman JC (ed) (1993) The Jepson manual of higher plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley, Calif.
Hitchcock CL, Cronquist A (1973) Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Wash.
Hochberg Y, Tamhane AC (1987) Multiple comparison procedures. Wiley, New York
Hultgren ABC (1989) Growth length of Carex rostrata
Stokes shoots in relation to water level. Aquat Bot 34:353–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jakrlová J (1993) Primary producers of the natural stand. In: Rychnovská M (ed) Structure and functioning of seminatural meadows. (Developments in Agricultural and Managed-Forest Ecology 27) Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 99–132
Kauffman JB, Beschta RL, Otting N, Lytjen D (1997) An ecological perspective of riparian and stream restoration in the western United States. Fisheries 22:12–24Google Scholar
Kauffman JB, Marht M, Marht LA, Edge WD (2001) Wildlife of riparian habitats. In: Johnson DH, O’Neil TA (eds) Wildlife-habitat relationships in Oregon and Washington: building a common understanding for management. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oreg., pp 361–388
Keddy PA (1992) Assembly and response rules: two goals for predictive community ecology. J Veg Sci 3:157–264Google Scholar
Maarel E van der, Tityanova AA (1989) Above-ground and below-ground biomass relations in steppes under different grazing conditions. Oikos 56:364–370Google Scholar
Manning ME, Swanson SR, Svejcar T, Trent J (1989) Rooting characteristics of four intermountain meadow community types. J Range Manage 42:309–312Google Scholar
Mittelbach GG, Steiner CF, Scheiner SM, Gross KL, Reynolds HL, Waide RB, Willig MR, Dodson SI, Gough L (2001) What is the observed relationship between species richness and productivity? Ecology 82:2381–2396Google Scholar
Moore DR, Keddy PA (1989) The relationship between species richness and standing crop in wetlands: the importance of scale. Vegetatio 79:99–106Google Scholar
Mueller SC, Stolzy LH, Fick GW (1985) Constructing and screening platinum microelectrodes for measuring soil redox potential. Soil Sci 139:558–560Google Scholar
Naiman RJ, Decamps H (1997) The ecology of interfaces: riparian zones. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 28:621–658Google Scholar
Otting NJ (1998) Ecological characteristics of montane floodplain plant communities in the Upper Grande Ronde River Basin, Oregon. MS thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oreg.
Perata P, Alpi A (1993) Plant responses to anaerobiosis. Plant Sci 93:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roberts J, Ludwig JA (1991) Riparian vegetation along current-exposure gradients in floodplain wetlands of the River Murray, Australia. J Ecol 79:117–127Google Scholar
Saarinen T (1996) Biomass and production of two vascular plants ina boreal mesotrophic fen. Can J Bot 74:934–938Google Scholar
SAS Institute (1990) SAS/STAT user’s guide, Release 6.14 edn. SAS Institute, Cary, N.C.
Schipper LA, Cooper AB, Harfoot CG, Dyck WJ (1993) Regulators of denitrification in an organic soil. Soil Bio Biochem 25:925–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shafroth PB, Stromberg JC, Patten DT (2000) Woody riparian vegetation response to different alluvial water table regimes. North Am Nat 60:6–76Google Scholar
Simon A, Collison AJC (2002) Quantifying the mechanical and hydrologic effects of riparian vegetation on streambank stability. Earth Surf Proc Landforms 27:527–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stromberg JC, Tiller R, Richter B (1996) Effects of groundwater decline on riparian vegetation of semiarid regions: the San Pedro River, Arizona. Ecol Appl 6:113–131Google Scholar
Tabacchi E, Correll DL, Hauer R, Pinay G, Planty-Tabacchi A, Wissmar RC (1998) Development, maintenance and role of riparian vegetation in the river landscape. Freshwater Biol 40:497–516Google Scholar
Thormann MN, Bayley S (1997) Aboveground net primary productivity along a bog-fen-marsh gradient in southern boreal Alberta, Canada. Ecoscience 4:374–384Google Scholar
Tilman D, Wedin D (1991) Plant traits and resource reduction for five grasses growing on a nitrogen gradient. Ecology 72:685–700Google Scholar
Titlyanova AA, Romanova IP, Kosykh NP, Mironycheva-Tokareva NP (1999) Pattern and process in above-ground and below-ground components of grassland ecosystems. J Veg Sci 10:307–320Google Scholar
Toledo ZO, Kauffman, JB (2001) Root biomass in relation to channel morphology of headwater streams. J Am Water Resour Assoc 37:1653–1663Google Scholar
Van der Krift TAJ, Berendse F (2002) Root life spans of four grass species from habitats differing in nutrient availability. Funct Ecol 16:198–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar