, Volume 131, Issue 2, pp 227-235

Cross-talk between jasmonate and salicylate plant defense pathways: effects on several plant parasites

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Abstract.

Plants are often attacked by many herbivorous insects and pathogens at the same time. Two important suites of responses to attack are mediated by plant hormones, jasmonate and salicylate, which independently provide resistance to herbivorous insects and pathogens, respectively. Several lines of evidence suggest that there is negative cross-talk between the jasmonate and salicylate response pathways. This biochemical link between general plant defense strategies means that deploying defenses against one attacker can positively or negatively affect other attackers. In this study, we tested for cross-talk in the jasmonate and salicylate signaling pathways in a wild tomato and examined the effects of cross-talk on an array of herbivores of cultivated tomato plants. In the wild cultivar, induction of defenses signaled by salicylate reduced biochemical expression of the jasmonate pathway but did not influence performance of S. exigua caterpillars. This indicates that the signal interaction is not a result of agricultural selection. In cultivated tomato, biochemical attenuation of the activity of a defense protein (polyphenol oxidase) in dual-elicited plants resulted in increased of performance of cabbage looper caterpillars, but not thrips, spider mites, hornworm caterpillars or the bacteria Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. In addition, we tested the effects of jasmonate-induced resistance on the ability of thrips to vector tomato spotted wilt virus. Although thrips fed less on induced plants, this did not affect the level of disease. Thus, the negative interaction between jasmonate and salicylate signaling had biological consequences for two lepidopteran larvae but not for several other herbivores tested or on the spread of a disease.

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