Mucosal surface area in chicken small intestine during development
- Cite this article as:
- Mitjans, M., Barniol, G. & Ferrer, R. Cell Tissue Res (1997) 290: 71. doi:10.1007/s004410050909
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The mucosal surface area of the chicken duodenum, jejunum, and ileum was determined during development (from 1-day to 12-week-old animals). The morphometric analysis was performed at three magnification levels. The nominal (serosal) surface area was determined at the macroscopic level, from intestinal length and perimeter. Villus and microvillus amplification factors were estimated at light-microscopic and transmission electron-microscopic levels, respectively. The results show, during the period considered: (1) a similar increase in nominal surface area for the three segments (6.5 to 7.2-fold), (2) a rise followed by a slight decrease in the villus amplification factor in the third week of age in the duodenum, a two-fold increase of this variable in the jejunum and no significant developmental variations in the ileum, (3) an increase in the microvillus amplification factor of 1.5-fold in the duodenum and jejunum and of 1.2-fold in the ileum, although a pronounced decrease in the first week of age was observed in the three segments. In conclusion, total mucosal surface area increased, from 1 day to 12 week, 12- to 13-fold in the duodenum and ileum and 20-fold in the jejunum.