, Volume 351, Issue 1, pp 175-182
Date: 17 Nov 2012

Orexin-B-like immunoreactivity localizes in both luteinizing-hormone-containing cells and melanin-concentrating hormone-containing fibers in the red-bellied piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri) pituitary

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We examined orexin-like immunoreactivity in the pituitary of the red-bellied piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri). Orexin-B-immunoreactive (IR) cells corresponded to luteinizing hormone (LH)-containing cells in the pars distalis, and orexin-B-IR fibers corresponded to melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH)-containing fibers in the pars nervosa. In the pars distalis, orexin-B-IR puncta that were also immunoreactive for MCH were observed around the orexin-B-IR cells. In the ventral hypothalamus, orexin-B-IR and MCH-IR neurons were found in the nucleus lateralis tuberis. Immunoelectron-microscopic analysis revealed that the orexin-B-like substance co-localized with LH in secretory granules and with MCH in MCH-containing neurons. Some of the MCH secreted in the pituitary might participate in the modulation of LH secretion from the gonadotrophs, together with orexin-B, leading to food intake by the stimulation of growth hormone secretion from the somatotrophs.