Hyaluronan substratum induces multidrug resistance in human mesenchymal stem cells via CD44 signaling
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- Liu, C., Chang, C., Yu, C. et al. Cell Tissue Res (2009) 336: 465. doi:10.1007/s00441-009-0780-3
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Little information is available concerning multidrug resistance (MDR) in mesenchymal stem cells, although several studies have reported that MDR is associated with hyaluronan in neoplastic cells. We have evaluated whether a hyaluronan-coated surface modulates MDR in placenta-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (PDMSCs). We have found that PDMSCs cultured on a tissue-culture polystyrene surface coated with 30 μg/cm2 hyaluronan are more resistant than control PDMSCs to doxorubicin. Inhibiting PI3K/Akt signaling has shown that the PI3K/Akt pathway modulates both P-glycoprotein activity and doxorubicin resistance. In addition, 10 μM verapamil dramatically suppresses the doxorubicin resistance induced by the hyaluronan-coated surface, indicating that P-glycoprotein activity is necessary for MDR. We have further found that PDMSCs treated with CD44 small interfering RNA (siRNA) and grown on a polystyrene surface coated with 30 μg/cm2 hyaluronan have fewer P-glycoprotein+ cells and lower CD44 expression levels (less than 60% in both cases) than PDMSCs not treated with CD44 siRNA and grown on the hyaluronan-coated surface. Moreover, treatment with CD44 siRNA suppresses the hyaluronan-substratum-induced doxorubicin resistance. We conclude that a hyaluronan substratum induces MDR in PDMSCs through CD44 signaling.