, Volume 150, Issue 1-2, pp 257-294,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Outlets of 2D invasion percolation and multiple-armed incipient infinite clusters


We study invasion percolation in two dimensions, focusing on properties of the outlets of the invasion and their relation to critical percolation and to incipient infinite clusters (IICs). First we compute the exact decay rate of the distribution of both the weight of the kth outlet and the volume of the kth pond. Next we prove bounds for all moments of the distribution of the number of outlets in an annulus. This result leads to almost sure bounds for the number of outlets in a box B(2 n ) and for the decay rate of the weight of the kth outlet to p c . We then prove existence of multiple-armed IIC measures for any number of arms and for any color sequence which is alternating or monochromatic. We use these measures to study the invaded region near outlets and near edges in the invasion backbone far from the origin.

Research funded by NSF grant OISE-0730136 and an NSF postdoctoral fellowship.
Research partially supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) under grant number 613.000.429.