Association between nasal allergy and a coding variant of the FcεRIβ gene Glu237Gly in a Japanese population
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- Nagata, H., Mutoh, H., Kumahara, K. et al. Hum Genet (2001) 109: 262. doi:10.1007/s004390100561
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The gene for the β-chain of the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRIβ) has been proposed as a candidate gene for atopy. A coding variant Glu237Gly has been studied in various populations with asthma and atopy, and the results were controversial for association of the variant with atopy/asthma. Because nasal allergy is a more common atopic disease and shows less remission than asthma, we analyzed whether the Glu237Gly variant is correlated with nasal allergy. The study enrolled 233 patients with nasal allergy and 100 control subjects. Further, three subgroups were selected: patients with perennial nasal allergy (n=149), Japanese cedar pollinosis (n=189), and allergy to multiple allergens (n=45). The allele frequency of Gly237 in the controls and patients was 0.14 and 0.20, and the frequency of Gly237-positive subjects was 0.23 and 0.356, respectively. There was a significant association between Gly237-positivity and nasal allergy, perennial nasal allergy, Japanese cedar pollinosis, and allergy to multiple allergens. Among all 333 subjects we observed a significant relationship between Gly237 and elevated levels of serum total IgE (>250 IU/ml) and very high IgE (>1000 IU/ml). Among patients positive for a specific IgE, Gly237 was significantly associated with high IgE for house dust, mite, and Japanese cedar pollen. These results suggest that the Glu237Gly variant of the FcεRIβ gene is involved in the development of nasal allergy through the process for the production of both specific and nonspecific IgE antibodies.