, Volume 98, Issue 4, pp 415-418

Identification of the nucleotide substitution that generates the fourth polymorphic site in human deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I)

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Abstract

In addition to the three polymorphic sites responsible for protein polymorphism, a new polymorphic site has been identified in intron 7 of the human deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) gene. Three phenotypes were observed on single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis of a 266-bp polymerase chain reaction-amplified fragment containing exon 7 and part of intron 7 of the human DNase I gene. DNA sequencing analysis demonstrated that a C-G substitution occurred at position 1978 in intron 7. This substitution was confirmed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, since a new Msp1 site is created by the substitution. Population and family studies showed that the inheritance of the genotypes for DNase I C1978G polymorphism is controlled by two codominant alleles, tentatively designated DNASE1*1978C and *1978G. The gene frequencies in a Japanese population were significantly different from those in a Caucasian (German) population. The C1978G polymorphism is in linkage disequilibrium with the common DNase I protein phenotypes 1, 1–2, and 2.

Received: 20 March 1996 / Revised: 14 May 1996