, Volume 132, Issue 6, pp 691-695

Association of polymorphisms in the Chr18q11.2 locus with tuberculosis in Chinese population

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A GWAS study has reported that two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with predisposition to tuberculosis (TB) in African populations. These two loci represented the long-waited GWAS hits for TB susceptibility. To determine whether these two SNPs are associated with TB in Chinese population, we attempted an replication in a cohort of over one thousand Chinese TB patients and 1,280 healthy controls using melting temperature shift allele-specific genotyping analysis. We found that only SNP rs4331426 was significantly associated with TB in Chinese population (p = 0.011). However, the effect was opposite. The G allele of the SNP in Chinese population is a protective allele (OR = 0.62, 95 % CI 0.44–0.87), while it was the risk allele for African population (OR = 1.19, 95 % CI 1.12–1.26). No significance was found for SNP rs2335704. The results provided an independent support for a role in susceptibility to TB for SNP rs4331426. However, it also indicated that direct predisposition element to TB and the association effects may vary across ethnic groups.