, Volume 127, Issue 4, pp 411-419
Date: 12 Jan 2010

PD1 as a common candidate susceptibility gene of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis

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Although the exact pathogenesis of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) remains to be determined, our previous data suggested a genetic contribution to the host susceptibility to SSPE. During chronic viral infection, virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes display poor effector functions. Since co-inhibitory molecules are involved in the suppression of T lymphocytes, we investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes encoding co-inhibitory molecules contributed to a susceptibility to SSPE. Association studies on a total of 20 SNPs in 8 genes (CTLA4, CD80, CD86, PD1, PDL1, PDL2, BTLA and HVEM) and subsequent haplotype analysis of 4 SNPs in the PD1 genes were performed in Japanese and Filipino SSPE patients and controls. Then, we investigated a functional difference in promoter activity of two haplotypes and compared the expression levels of PD1 between SSPE and controls. The frequency of GCG(C) haplotype of PD1 containing −606G allele was significantly higher in SSPE patients than in controls both in Japanese and in Filipinos. The promoter activity was significantly higher in the construct with −606G allele than in that with −606A allele. The expression levels of PD1 were significantly higher in SSPE patients than in the controls. Our results suggested that the PD1 gene contributed to a genetic susceptibility to SSPE.

A part of results in this manuscript had been presented at the 12th annual meeting of Japanese Society for Neuroinfectious Diseases (October 12, 2007: Fukuoka, Japan).